Finally, we will speak about how to calculate profit/loss on futures positions as well as some examples relating to basic hedging and speculative strategies using Currency Futures. In this chapter, we will briefly speak about USD/INR and the three Rupee crosses that are traded in India. That said, the major theme of this chapter is to talk about two things.

currency trading

The main currency is usually the currency in which the majority of the transactions occur. In many ways, it is beneficial to maintain an account in the main currency. Hence, it is not easy nowadays for banks or brokers to take advantage of the spread.

A currency pair has two currencies with the value of one currency expressed in relation to the other. For instance, if EUR/USD is 1.09, it means one Euro is equal to 1.09 US Dollars. In a currency pair, the first currency is the base currency and the second currency is the quote currency.

What is the Best Time to Trade Forex in India?

This all-North American forex pair has hit parity several times in the past. USA’s interest rates and Canada’s exports are known to affect the forex pair. For example, if an Indian currency trader expects USD to gain value compared to JPY, they’ll buy a USD-JPY pair.

This generates increased trading volume and, as a result, improves price stability. Given the enormous levels of liquidity that EUR/USD, USD/CHF, and EUR/GBP trade with, it’s no wonder that they’re among the most volatile currency pairings. Traders may also assess volatility by examining the average actual range of a currency pair or the range expressed as a percentage of spot. Trading in currency pairs is not the most popular segment in India, but it is rapidly gaining ground. With adequate research and the right trading strategy, it is possible to generate decent returns through currency trading. Trading in currency futures requires margin money, just like other segments.


One is how the two-way quotes of the Rupee crosses are calculated. The other is to talk about how forward/futures rate is derived from the spot rate. In this chapter, we will talk about the seven Major currency pairs. These include EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, USD/CHF, AUD/USD, USD/CAD, and NZD/USD. In the dynamic atmosphere of forex trading, adequate training is necessary.

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Please consider your specific investment requirements before choosing a fund, or designing a portfolio that suits your needs. And, as many of them grew up, there seemed a curiosity to find out the connection between one currency to that of the rest of the world. This concept revolves around trading foreign currency, also known as Forex trading.

Indian Rupee:

The RBI is responsible to manage foreign exchanges and brokers under FEMA Act – 1999. According to the FEMA Act, traders need to sign up with SEBI-regulated brokers to pursue forex trading in the country. Find various currency pairs traded in India and which is the most trusted INR currency pair. The options market gives traders a right to convert the currency on a future date but there is no obligation to do so. It allows traders the right to buy or sell currency at a specific rate and on a specific date.

  • With most of the transactions occurring in the main currency, this account prevents loss in the form of spread and protects the firm’s revenue from the volatile currency exchange rates.
  • Please consider your specific investment requirements before choosing a fund, or designing a portfolio that suits your needs.
  • Exclusive research reports and seminars for currency derivatives trading that help you to take informed decisions.
  • Majors are the most traded currency duos in the forex market that include EUR-USD, USD-JPY, and others.

SEBI regulations will protect you from unfair or dishonest practices by brokers, which is crucial in risky trading. This is a very brief chapter wherein we will talk about things such as Market timing , key trading hours , and list of Indian market holidays pertaining to the currency segment. In this chapter, we will discuss some of the major economic data that has a strong impact on the global Forex market. We will speak about how to analyse these economic reports in order to gauge their potential impact on currencies.

How to Start Trading Currency Pairs?

To update the details, client may get in touch with our designated customer service desk or approach the branch for assistance. No need to issue cheques by investors while subscribing to IPO. Just write the bank account number and sign in the application form to authorise your bank to make payment in case of allotment. No worries for refund as the money remains in investor’s account. A) Minimum tick size is 0.0025p across all futures and options contracts.

These gaps can be significant for trading as there are usually traders who believe the gaps will be closed relatively quickly. And this allows forex traders to make possible profits as they can better predict the possible short-term direction of the price. Factors leading to a gap include- big news, major financial breakthroughs, and economic/global catastrophes. Currency trading in India is only allowed in 7 pairs- USD/INR, EUR/INR, JPY/INR, GBP/INR, EUR/USD, GBP/USD, and USD/JPY. Three stock exchanges facilitate forex trading in India- NSE, BSE and Metropolitan Stock Exchange of India- jointly regulated by SEBI and RBI.

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On purchasing a currency pair, you receive the base currency and sell the other one. Similarly, as a trader sells a currency pair, they sell the base currency and receive the second currency. Though forex trading in India is available 24 hours from Monday to Friday, certain times are more favourable than others. Most traders agree that the best forex trading time in India is when the market is most active.

As Forex is available on numerous exchanges across the globe, traders and investors alike can take advantage of this market, which is open on a 24 hour basis. FOREX, short for Foreign Exchange, is a marketplace where national currencies are bought and sold. The forex market is also commonly referred to as FX, currency market or foreign exchange market.

The reason being both types of forex pairs do not include the USD. The biggest currency pairs that are traded are Euro against the US Dollar, Pound Sterling against the US Dollar and the US Dollar against the Yen. A majority of currency pairs traded in the world have the US Dollar on one side. However, due to the large volume of exchange happening every day, the prices of the currencies are very volatile.


Nicknamed the “Fiber”, EUR-USD became a tradable forex pair in 1999. This also means that exotic pairs are known to lack liquidity and volume because they are not traded as much as other forex pairs. Forex traders in India do not have the option to trade exotic pairs. But here’s a global list of top minor currency pairs that are generally traded. You’ll notice that the USD is thus paired with multiple currencies including INR. In fact, it’s one of the metrics used to divide the types of currency pairs that you can trade anywhere in the world.

Introduction to Foreign Exchange Market

This is because many buyers and sellers are trading currencies during this time. Forex trading is mainly about forecasting how the exchange rate will move. For instance, if you see signs of the rupee strengthening vis a vis dollar, you would want to buy it. If your prediction goes right, you can sell it on price increment and earn a profit.

Do not share of trading credentials – login id & passwords including OTP’s. We at Enrich Money do not provide any stock tips to our customers nor have we authorised anyone to trade on behalf of others. If you come across any individual or organisation claiming to be part of Enrich Money and providing such services, kindly intimate us immediately. NSE Clearing pre-collects the initial margin for all open positions of CM based on the margin calculated by NSE Clearing-SPAN . Next, the CM must collect the initial margin from the TM and respective clients. Similarly, the TM has to collect the advance payment from the customer.

  • You can open only a forex account with any SEBI-registered broker to trade in forex.
  • Forex trading is essentially the buying of one currency and the simultaneous selling of another.
  • Observing the market before investing is an essential step for successful forex trading especially if you are new.
  • EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, USD/CHF, USD/CAD, and AUD/USD are all included.
  • Your broker will provide you leverage, which can go as high as 100X i.e. you can take positions up to Rs 10 Lakhs if you have Rs 10,000 in your currency trading account.

Upon deciding which breadth of market theory definition and tactics to trade with, opening a trading account with a registered brokerage house is mandatory. Regarding a safe trading mode in India, currency trading is a good option. This is one of the low-cost transactions with no fixed lot sizes. Neither does the exchange charge any fee nor is any brokerage applicable. It is best suited for online trading as it’s simple and not complicated. A “gap” occurs when the opening price is higher than the last session’s high, known as the gap up, or lower than the previous session’s low, known as the gap down.

Low Margin- Margin required is usually in the range of 2.5% to 5% depending upon currency pair. You Pay ZERO brokerage on all currency intraday trades under our Trade Free Plan. You get to trade unlimited in currency contract at ZERO transaction cost. EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, USD/CHF, USD/CAD, and AUD/USD are all included. If traders feel a currency is heading in a particular way, they will trade accordingly and may persuade others to do the same, boosting or reducing demand. Central banks regulate supply by announcing actions that have a major impact on the price of their currency.

Certain currencies are popular for forex trading, none more so than the USD. The USD takes the cake when it comes to being a base currency and quote currency. The USD is known to be one of the strongest currencies in the world. The term Loonie, however, was popularized in the forex market by dealers and then eventually currency traders.